The Kidney not only filters excess water, salts and toxins from the blood but also plays a crucial role in human hematopoiesis and regulation of blood pressure.
In order to prevent kidney diseases and to ensure the viability of these organs, we can incorporate the following habits into our routine.
- Boost your Fluid intake
Increasing water intake has been linked to a reduction in the risk of developing kidney stones. These stones in the kidney or urinary bladder are formed when highly concentrated minerals. By drinking plenty of fluids, the concentration of minerals in the kidney is greatly decreased. Moreover, according to nephrologists, an increased water intake allows the kidney to clear sodium, urea, creatinine, and toxins from the body in a better manner, which reduces the risk of developing chronic kidney diseases. It is advised to drink at least 2-3 liters of water daily to keep the kidneys thriving and healthy.
- Eat Healthy
A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts, and low-fat dairy products has multiples benefits for the kidney. Cutting down sodium in the diet can help keep the blood pressure and water balance in check. Excess sodium in the blood can lead to hypertension, one of the causative agents of kidney disease. It is advised to take 2 grams of sodium in your daily diet. Eating excessive amounts of meat can lead to acidosis, during which kidneys fail to filter out uric acid from the blood. Additionally, studies have shown that high phosphorus levels due to increased intake of processed foods have been linked to causing renal dysfunction later on in life.
- Quit Smoking
Both active and passive smoking is hazardous to renal function. Smoking may hinder the effect of medication that helps control blood pressure, leading to kidney disease induced by hypertension. Moreover, chemicals in cigarette smoke interfere with the blood supply reaching the kidneys, further increasing the risk of their deterioration. According to researchers in the Netherlands, smokers have higher albumin levels in urine and slower creatinine excretion, both of which depict abnormal kidney function. Nicotine and tobacco are linked to the formation of arteriosclerosis of renal arteries along with proteinuria (excessive levels of protein in the urine.)
Excess alcohol levels in the blood interfere with the kidneys’ ability to excrete out toxins from the body. Dehydration is also caused by alcohol, which ultimately damages the internal kidney structure. Alcohol-induced dehydration plays a major role in the development of kidney stones as well. Studies reveal an enhanced risk of kidney dysfunction in alcoholics. This is because such individuals are at a higher risk of developing diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure, which are the common causes of renal failure. Kidneys that are overworked due to too much alcohol consumption fail to stay viable and maintain the correct water balance in the body. The hormones that impact kidney function are also altered by alcohol.
- Keep Active
Hypertension and early-onset diabetes were the top contributing factors to 70 percent of cases of renal disorders reported in 2005. Physical activity not only prevents the accumulation of fat deposits in renal arteries but also helps regulates blood pressure and glucose metabolism. Patients with acute kidney disease are advised to exercise frequently in order to stop further disease progression. Staying physically active increases blood circulation and allows the muscles to utilize more glucose for energy, therefore preventing an excessive amount of blood sugar.
Read Also: 4 Habits That Can Damage Your Liver
Make sure you follow these in order to ensure your kidneys stay thriving and healthy.